Country Egypt
Year 2016
Type of Measure Violence against women > Legislation
Form of Violence Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)

Brief Description


On August 31, 2016, the Egyptian People’s Assembly approved the amendment of article 242 of the Penal Code. Article 242 (bis) criminalizes the act of female genital mutilation (FGM). 

Previously, article 242 covered FGM as a misdemeanor. It imposed the penalty of imprisonment for between three months and two years on practitioners who commit the offense. 

Under the new amendment, individuals committing this crime will be punished with a period of imprisonment of between five and seven years.The article also punishes, with a penalty of imprisonment for between one and three years, any individuals who escort the victims of such crimes to the perpetrators. Furthermore, the amendment punishes the crime with up to 15 years’ imprisonment if the act of FGM leads to the death of the victim or a “permanent deformity.”

Source of Information

United Nations Development Programme Egypt


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