Country Egypt
Year 2008
Type of Measure Violence against women > Legislation
Form of Violence Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), Trafficking

Brief Description


Law No. 126 of 2008 amending the Law on Children (No. 12 of 1996) added two articles to the Penal Code (Law No. 58 of 1937). The first, article 242 bis, provides that without prejudice to the Penal Code, article 61, or any heavier penalty provided for by another law, anyone inflicting the injuries covered under articles 241 and 242 of the Penal Code in the course of performing female circumcision shall be punished by a term of imprisonment of between three months and two years or a fine of between 1,000 and 5,000 pounds.

The second, article 291, prohibits any infringement of the right of a child to protection from trafficking; sexual, commercial or economic exploitation; or use in scientific studies or experiments. Children have the right to be made aware of and empowered to confront such dangers.

Without prejudice to any heavier penalty provided for by another law, the sale, purchase or offer for sale of a child is punishable by a term of imprisonment with hard labour of no less than five years and a fine of between 50,000 and 200,000 pounds. The same penalties apply to the delivery, receipt or transfer of any child for use as a slave; the sexual harassment or sexual or commercial exploitation of a child; and the employment of a child in forced labour or for any other illegal purposes, even when the crime occurs abroad.

The same penalty applies to facilitation of or incitement to any act or acts mentioned in the preceding paragraph, even if no crime takes place as a result.

Without prejudice to the Law on Children, article 116 bis, the penalty shall be doubled if the crime is perpetrated by a transnational organized criminal group.

In accordance with the Law on Children, article 116 bis, the removal of a limb or any part of a child's body, even with the consent of the child or his guardian, is punishable by imprisonment with hard labour.

Source of Information

Response of the Government of Egypt to the questionnaire on violence against women, May 2009