In 2017, the NSO (National Statistical Office of Mongolia) carried out the very first nation-wide survey on gender-based violence (GBV), using internationally recognized methodologies, with technical assistance by UNFPA. The survey seeks to establish the forms, prevalence, causes and effects of violence against women, and to collect quantitative and qualitative data for a solid substantiation of the indicators and targets of the SDGs, particularly in relation to SDG Goal 5, in the Mongolia’s context, allowing for international comparison. Furthermore, the findings of the survey provide Mongolia’s policy makers and decision makers as well as international organizations and other users with a knowledge base for policy and programme development and serve as a critical source of information scholars and researchers to undertake other in-depth studies and analyses.
According to the findings from GBV survey 2017, among ever-partnered women, 57.9 percent have experienced one or more of the following types of violence in their lifetime: physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence, and controlling behaviours; 31.2 percent have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime; one in ten women experienced child sexual abuse before the age of 15; and one and in four women, regardless of her social and economic status, agreed that a husband is justified in beating his wife if she is unfaithful.
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