The Joint Programme (JP) "Supporting Gender Equality and Women's Rights in Timor-Leste" is a three year programme (2008-2011) supported by the MDG (Spanish Fund) which will be implemented by five UN Agencies (UNFPA, UNIFEM, UNDP, IOM and UNICEF) in partnership with government agencies and structures at national and district levels and in collaboration with relevant civil society organizations and individuals to build institutional capacity to eliminate gender-based violence and human trafficking, and to improve resources using gender-responsive budgeting.
Five districts out of the 13 districts have been identified for the Joint Programme (JP) by UNDP, UNIFEM, UNFPA , IOM and UNICEF to combat with gender-based violence in Timor-Leste starting from 2009. The selection of these districts namely, Dili, Baucau, Bobonaro, Covalima, and Oecussi was based on the following criteria: i) areas where domestic violence and/or violence against women is estimated to be more prevalent'; ii) areas that are more susceptible to a higher rate of human trafficking; iii) areas with a higher estimated level of female-headed households or pockets of extreme poverty; iv) areas with the potentially high maternal mortality and/or teenage pregnancies; v) areas with low enrolment rates/or potential high drop-out rates for adolescent girls; vi) areas where participating UN agencies have existing projects and networks; vii) areas with good potential to build on implementing partners' work; and viii) present of courts and adequate medical facilities.
The JP will support an environment to establish legal frameworks to end domestic violence and human trafficking by enabling women and girls to claim their rights. These legal frameworks establish norms, standards and practices for the GoTL to operationalise programmes i.e. services, outreach mechanisms, social protection scheme to reduce vulnerability of women and girls as well as improving protection for them.
Source of Information
Response of the Government of Timor-Leste to the questionnaire on violence against women, February 2009