The objectives of the Guidelines for Development of Criminal Policy until 2018 are as follows:
1. Define long-term objectives and activities on the basis of which the public sector shall plan and perform its activities.
2. Ensure public safety through the prevention of and responding to offences, reducing of damage caused by offences and dealing with offenders.
3. Prevention of recidivism and juvenile delinquency. The prevention of juvenile delinquency helps to prevent criminal offences in adulthood; the prevention of recidivism reduces the number of criminal offences and the risk of falling victim to crime.
4. Since organised crime, including economic crime, corruption crime, cybercrime and trafficking in human beings and criminal offences against persons, including domestic violence, cause the greatest damage to the society, enhanced attention shall be paid to the prevention of and responding to the abovementioned criminal offences.
5. The public sector shall take the guidelines into account upon setting its operating objectives and development of policy, in particular of social and educational policy and upon planning of settlements. Each Ministry shall report to the Ministry of Justice on the implementation of the guidelines, on the basis of which the Government of the Republic shall submit an annual overview concerning the implementation of the guidelines to the Riigikogu not later than by 1 March each year. The efficiency of criminal policy shall be assessed on the basis of the data of annual victim surveys and crime statistics.