Country New Zealand
Year 2009
Type of Measure Justice > Protocols and guidelines, Monitoring and Evaluation > Services
Form of Violence Domestic violence/Intimate partner violence, Sexual violence

Brief Description

Pursuant to the Evidence Act 2006, a judge may (either on the application of the party, or on the judge's own initiative) direct that a witness is to give evidence-in-chief and be cross-examined in the ordinary way or in an alternative way. In the particular case of sexual and/or domestic violence cases, the defendant is not entitled to personally cross-examine the complainant, a child (other than the complainant) who is a witness, unless the Judge gives permission. 


The Evidence Act 2006 also provides that evidence may be given:

  • while in a courtroom but unable to see the defendant or some other specified person, e.g. behind a screen; or
  • from an appropriate place outside the courtroom, e.g. via video link, o
  • by a video recording made before the hearing of the proceeding.


Full Evaluation Text

Special Measures in Court for Victims Of Violence

Source of Information

Response of the Government of New Zealand to the questionnaire on violence against women, 2009