Country Egypt
Year 1937
Type of Measure Violence against women > Legislation
Form of Violence Sexual violence

Brief Description


Article 267 of the Egyptian Penal Code provides a penalty of short-term hard labour for cases of sexual assault on women, to be increased to life imprisonment with hard labour in cases where the assailant is an ascendant or guardian of the victim or her supervisor, or is working in her home.

The law provides for a penalty of three to seven years’ hard labour for the rape of a person, male or female, whether by use or force or intimidation. Where the victim is under 16 or the offender is the victim’s ascendant, guardian or supervisor or works in the victim’s home, the penalty is the legal maximum. Where both of these conditions are met, the penalty is life imprisonment with hard labour (art. 269 on penalties).

By articles 279 and 306 bis of the Penal Code, the legislature characterizes as a criminal anyone who commits an indecent act with a woman, even in private, or who does or says anything to a woman that offends her modesty. The penalty is imprisonment or a fine, and penalties are increased if the act is repeated within one year.

Source of Information

Response of the Government of Egypt to the questionnaire on violence against women, May 2009; CEDAW/C/EGY/4-5 p.14